The Management’s Rights Clause gives Management all rights except as otherwise modified in the labor agreement.
Absence of a Management’s Rights Clause in the contract:
There is the concept of inherent Management’s Rights which would be implied regardless.
A benefit of having a Management’s Rights Clause is that particular Management rights are enumerated.
Affect on the Grievance Process and Access to Arbitration:
The extent of Management’s rights is largely determined by the passivity or tolerance of the Union.
Management and the Union each have inherent rights.